The Golden ring of Russia: churches, monasteries and cathedrals By car

Moscow - Moscow route length:761.14 km number of points of interest:8

To the North-East of Moscow, is a number of historic towns and rural settlements, included in the Golden ring of Russia, of a lost idyll, rising to the medieval period, when the Orthodox Church was crucial for the survival of the Russian state. Almost ignored the heavy industrialization of the Soviet Union, iconic churches and cathedrals of the region remained intact for centuries and are a testimony to the power and influence of religion in Russia before the advent of communism. Surrounded by picturesque hilly countryside, the city was likened to the open-air Museum with architecture of 12-18 centuries, typical for this region: wooden houses with white Kremlin walls and cathedrals with onion domes, many of which were taken at home a momentous event in the history of Russia, when the land was ruled by legendary kings and princes. Visit the Golden ring is to take a step back in time and discover ancient Russia, enjoying the peace and beauty of rural life.

Interesting places

Sergiev Posad
Just 75 km North-East of Moscow, is an important pilgrimage city Sergiev Posad which grew up around one of the greatest monasteries in the country - the Trinity Sergius monastery, also known as the Trinity Lavra. Founded in the 14th century a pious monk and spiritual leader St. Sergius of Radonezh, the monastery served as a spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church today is an active place of worship, attracting pilgrims from since it first opened its doors. Named patron Saint of Russia, Sergius grave is in the Trinity Cathedral in the monastery, and he won a daily memorial service. The monastery is also home to the star assumption Cathedral and the unusual painted refectory Church of St Sergei.
Pereslavl-Zalesskiy
Located on the southeastern shore of lake Pleshcheyevo, the ancient town of Pereslavl-Zalessky was founded in 1152. This city gave rise to the famous Prince and military leader of medieval Russia Alexander Nevski, and the early origins of the Russian Navy. young Peter the great it was built here a flotilla of toy during the holidays. Like many cities in the region, Pereslavl-Zalesskiy was devastating raids and destruction, although, fortunately, preserved a number of monuments, including the Kremlin, the heart of the original settlement and the building of the Transfiguration Cathedral of the 12th century, and the tent of the Church of Metropolitan Peter. Next is a large Goritsky monastery where Ivan the terrible had planned to retire.
Rostov
Located on the shores of lake Nero, Rostov Veliky is one of the grandfathers of the Golden ring, first mentioned in 862, and for several centuries older than many other cities in the region. During its long history it served as the local capital and an important center of the clergy to the decline of Rostov the Great in the 17th century. Relaxed atmosphere envelops the city the silence for a while in the morning will not hear the cry of the local roosters. This only adds to the appeal of the charming historic center, which is extremely photogenic Rostov Kremlin.
Yaroslavl
Founded in the early 11th century, Yaroslavl is the oldest city on the Volga with one of the most attractive historic centres. The city centre is filled with churches and pleasant, tree-lined, streets. City listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 2005, Yaroslavl is proud to present its past as an important trading centre, with trading houses and churches of the 17th century, as well as large neoclassical buildings and the smooth, expertly designed streets. Most of the key sights of Yaroslavl are located near the river embankment, including the fortified Transfiguration monastery, one of the oldest buildings of the city with buildings Dating back to the 16th century, although the monastery was founded over four centuries before.
Kostroma
Kostroma city of modest size, once served as a refuge for Moscow of the Royal family during the attacks on the city. Kostroma flourished in the 16th century as an important trading town, thanks to trade relations with the port of Arkhangelsk to the North of the city of Kostroma also actively developed under the Romanov dynasty. For centuries Kostroma suffered many sieges and devastating fires, but in spite of this, there are many structures, for example, the great Holy Trinity Ipatiev monastery.
Ivanovo
Ivanovo - the youngest city of the Golden Ring of Russia. In 1871 the village of Ivanovo was United with Voznesensky Posad, located between two major rivers - the Volga and Klyazma. The city is called gingham edge, as the manufacture of textiles it is known since the 17th century. In Ivanovo, must look at the monuments of constructivism: the house-ship, house-Horseshoe. And the old merchant houses and historical monuments.
Suzdal
Few places in the Golden ring have the same appeal as the absolutely gorgeous town of Suzdal, surrounded by meadows and gentle hills, where an astonishing number of churches, cathedrals and monasteries. Apparently, in the 19th century, due to the absence of the train station, Suzdal has retained many traditional buildings and wooden houses with a leisurely lifestyle that is perfect for the surroundings. The Suzdal Kremlin is an attractive citadel of white walls over the city, and some of the most important religious monuments of Suzdal belong to the 14th century. Suzdal is so filled with churches and cathedrals, glittering, shiny dome and lustrous gold crosses adorn the horizon on all sides.
Vladimir
The medieval capital of Russia for almost a century, the city of Vladimir, is one of the oldest in the country, originally founded in 1108 and flourished under the rule of Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky and his successor, until the city was besieged by the Mongol-Tatar invasion in 1238. Despite the industrialization of the Soviet era, Vladimir has preserved a lot of amazing churches and cathedrals, many of which are rounded on the cliff overlooking Okovsky the valley and river. The main attraction of the city is the magnificent assumption Cathedral, an impressive view of white-washed stone walls and polished Golden domes, which would be covered with finely carved and gilded decorative items, before the tragic fire in 1185. Next is the equally impressive Cathedral of St. Demetrios, its outer walls decorated with magnificent stone carvings.

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