Gothenburg is the second largest city in Sweden, fifth largest in Scandinavia and the capital of Vastra Gotaland County. It is situated by the Kattegat, on Sweden's West coast and has a population of approximately 570,000 in the city centre and about 1 million inhabitants in the Metropolitan area.
Gothenburg was founded as a fortified in the first place, the Dutch trading colony, a Royal Charter in 1621 by king Gustavus Adolphus. In addition to the generous benefits (e.g. tax breaks) given its Dutch allies due to the Thirty years war, the king also attracted a significant number of German and Scottish allies to fill it the only city on the West coast. At a key strategic location at the mouth of the river göta älv, where the largest drainage basin in Scandinavia overlooking the sea, the Port of Gothenburg is the largest port in Scandinavia.
Gothenburg is home to many students as a University in the city of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of technology. The company Volvo was founded in Gothenburg in 1927. The original parent company of Volvo Group and is now a separate Volvo car Corporation still with headquarters on the island town. Other key SKF and Astra Zeneca.
Gothenburg is göteborg Landvetter airport 30 km (19 mi) South-East of the city centre. The smaller airport of Gothenburg, just 15 km (9.3 mi) from the town centre was closed to regular air traffic in 2015.
The city hosts the Gothia Cup, the world's largest children's football tournament, along with some of the largest annual events in Scandinavia. The Gothenburg movie festival, which will take place in January, 1979, is the leading Scandinavian film festival with more than 155 000 visitors every year. In summer, various music festivals held in the city, including the popular way out West festival.