France Road Trip (Wine Tour Bordeaux 5 Cities) By car

Bordeaux - Bordeaux route length:183.561 km number of points of interest:6

This Road Trip Itinerary for France Wine lovers! 

France — elegant and spicy country never ceases to surprise and delight. Who at least once visited France, I felt her unique spirit and flavor, got acquainted with its culture and history, immersed in the carefree French lifestyle, try melting on the tongue delights of the local cuisine, one will seek here again and again, each time discovering something new. Come here to get in touch with perfection, after all, the French were able to unattainable heights to raise the reputation of the entire French — fashion, cooking, lifestyle, culture and sophisticated entertainment.

Interesting places

The history of the city goes back to the I century BC, when on the left Bank of the Garonne settled by Celtic tribes bituriges. One of the tribes called vobiscum, had a center in Burdigala — the immediate predecessor of Bordeaux. In the I century BC the city was conquered by Julius Caesar and his successors made it the capital of Aquitaine, and Gaul. The ancient city described in his writings, local resident, Avani. In the middle Ages by the Dukes of Aquitanie (Gascony) were English kings of the Plantagenet dynasty (house of Anjou). With their arrival in Bordeaux was transformed: they built new buildings, expanded the Cathedral of St. Andrew, developed Bordeaux wine. The British loved the wine "claret," and since then it has been exported in large quantities from the Medoc and Lafite to Albion. At the end of the hundred years war Bordeaux became part of France, and lost liberties, granted to the British crown[3]. In the XVIII century thanks to a flourishing "triangle trade" with America in the city returned to prosperity. In 1746, the Governor, the Marquis de Турниrufr promised to make Bordeaux one of the most beautiful cities of the French Kingdom. The city centre was transformed in accordance with the principles of classicism. The interests of the local bourgeoisie during the Revolution was represented by the party of the Girondins. The city's name is inextricably linked fates of famous thinkers are Montaigne and Montesquieu. The value of Bordeaux continued to grow with the expansion of the French colonial possessions. Most of the trade with the mother country went through Bordeaux. Fleeing the German invasions, the French government and Parliament were in Bordeaux in 1870-1871 and in the autumn of 1914.
The commune covers 5400 hectares of 73.5 % of which are located the vineyards owned by more than 800 farms. Most of the farms, about 52 % of the total, owned less than 5 hectares of vineyards. The average annual wine production is about 3 million cases (36 million bottles). The age of maturation of wines varies depending on the category of the economy: Saint-Emilion AOC: 3 to 8 years Saint-Emilion Grand Cru: 5 to 12 years Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Classé: 15 to 25 years and more In the commune the following main cultivated grape varieties: Merlot (60 %), Cabernet franc (30 %) and Cabernet Sauvignon (10 %). According to the regulations, the municipality is allowed to grow two grape varieties that are not primary: the Malbec (or Cot) and Carmenere. Wines produced in the commune are traditionally blended, are characterized by intense color, soft and crisp body, hints of truffles, toasted bread, of undergrowth and black berries.
Pomerol (Pomerol or Pomerol) is a unique wine region in France. It is unique primarily for its literally tiny size. It is not a region, not a city or even a village. These are just a few of the vineyards, which are located forty kilometers North of the famous French city of Bordeaux. The peculiarity of these vineyards — the soil, which is a dense black clay, literally saturated with iron. For Merlot grapes, this soil is ideal. The "discovery" of pomerelia occurred relatively recently, 20 years ago no one knew about the area. Yes, here the grapes were grown, but, oddly enough, mostly white varieties. It was made a simple mistake that does not stand out. Today the situation has changed dramatically. Pomerol produces only red wines, they are positioned as a totally unique product, and the demand for it is growing every year. While there are no large wineries! Every home and every family is engaged in winemaking and their homes they call shateau (Chateau). This word means "castle", you can see on the labels of wines from Pomerol: Chateau Bellegrave, Chateau La Croix Saint Georges, Chateau Rouget, Chateau Le Prieure, Chateau L'eveche and so on. Just in this area, there are about 180 of the Chateau, each of them is in possession of approximately half a hectare of land. The best wines of Pomerol truly magnificent, they are soft, velvety, richness of color and flavor. Such wines do not need a snack, it'll only make things worse! In addition to Merlot, there are grown varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet franc and Malbec. On the labels of many wines of Pomerol you can see the Maltese cross. This is a tribute to the history of France, to the South which arrived in the 12th century the knights of Malta. Do labels give the impression of "outdated" and even "obsolete". However, winemakers pomarola is quite confusing, since bottles with such labels, they pour wine, meet the highest modern requirements.
Medoc (FR. Médoc) — sub-regional wine appellation in Bordeaux, located on the left Bank of the Gironde. The appellation was approved by INAO Commission in 1936. Under the name Médoc allowed the production of dry red wines. The area of vineyards is 5742 ha. per year is 38 million bottles of wine. The Medoc has a special place in relation to the rest of the territory of the Gironde in the Bordeaux region. On the one hand, a few isolated on the Peninsula, and on the other the wide-open world due to the deep mouth of the river to the Medoc and its inhabitants presented a perfect illustration of Aquitaine temperament, wavering between the tendency to withdraw into themselves and a desire for universalism. And it is not surprising therefore, to find here and the little family are almost unknown hozyayst, and huge featured domains belonging to a rich French or foreign companies.
While Bordeaux isn't quite as famous for its white wines, exploring the sub-regions and appellations in southern areas will allow you to fall in love with white wine all over again. Whether you prefer a dry white which has undergone malolactic fermentation, or prefer a sweet and fruity glass, there's something for everyone. Throughout the Graves sub-region, located on the left bank, south of the city of Bordeaux, you'll find beautiful historic vineyards and appellations to explore. Drive south through Pessac-Leognan, through Graves, Cerons (pictured above), Barsac, and Sauternes, spending the night in Langnon before crossing the river
The appellation of entre-Deux-Mer (Entre-Deux-Mers) located in the East of Bordeaux, between the rivers Dordogne and Garonne, although its name translates as "between two seas". River limit the region from the North and South. Here on the slopes of low hills located about 23 thousand hectares of vineyards. The specialization of the region — primarily white wines (Bordeaux Blan), red wines characterized by good quality and low cost. White wines of entre-Deux-Mer is a great choice for summer picnics, match well with seafood and salads. The climate in this region is more raw compared to the Medoc, proximity to rivers often leads to flooding of the floodplain. Soils are very diverse. The wine of entre-Deux-Mer using modern techniques of cultivation and almost never use the so-called "low garter vines". For aging wine used stainless steel tanks and cold fermentation method. White wines are made from Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle and Semillon, red — from Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Speaking of red wines, it is necessary to mention the subregion Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux (Premier Cotes de Bordeaux), where they make good red wines based on the Merlot — rich, full-bodied, pleasant. The best white wines are labeled with the name of the wine (Entre-Deux-Mers AOC), whereas the label will be written in red Bordeaux or Bordeaux Superieur. The aroma of white wines is possible to catch exotic notes of peach, lychee, grapefruit. White and red wines of this French region drink young.

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